Archive for September, 2015

PELESTARIAN KAWASAN PECINAN DI SINGKAWANG

Ida Bagus Putu Prajna Yogi

Abstrak. Indonesia adalah negara yang lambat-laun memudar sejarah eksistensinya. Kehilangan tersebut diakibatkan oleh banyaknya bukti fisik sejarah Indonesia yang dihancurkan demi sejumlah faktor. Di antara faktor-faktor tersebut yang sering dijadikan alasan penghancuran selama empat dekade belakangan ini adalah pembangunan masyarakat yang sejahtera. Salah satu bukti fisik yang sedikit demi sedikit diabaikan kelestariannya adalah kawasan Pecinan di Kota Singkawang. Tulisan ini membahas komunitas Cina di Singkawang dalam perkembangan sejarah Indonesia dan strategi pelestarian kawasan Pecinannya. Studi tersebut dilakukan menggunakan metode deskriptif-analitis dengan penalaran induktif. Hasil studi menunjukkan bahwa komunitas Cina telah berkontribusi dalam perkembangan perekonomian di kawasan Singkawang. Dengan demikian, penciptaan kawasan Pecinan dapat diajukan sebagai salah satu strategi pelestarian sekaligus pemanfaatan cagar budaya Kota Singkawang.

Kata kunci: sejarah Singkawang, komunitas Cina, emas, peninggalan arkeologis, Singkawang, Pecinan, pengelolaan cagar budaya
Sumber: Naditira Widya, Vol.7  No.1  April 2013, hlm. 59-69
Email: bagoes_balar@gmail.com

Hartatik

Abstrak. Rumah panjang merupakan hunian tradisional komunitas Dayak yang dapat ditemukan di sejumlah tempat di pedalaman Kalimantan. Rumah panjang atau betang atau radakng atau balai atau lamin mempunyai arsitektur dan komponen bangunan yang serupa. Arsitektur rumah panjang Dayak berupa rumah yang ditopang dengan sejumlah tiang penyangga setinggi satu hingga dua meter. Komposisi bangunan rumah panjang terdiri atas sebuah aula persegi panjang yang dikelilingi oleh puluhan bilik kecil yang dihuni oleh sebuah keluarga. Aula difungsikan sebagai tempat berkumpul sehari-hari ataupun mewadahi kegiatan adat. Interaksi sosial dalam rumah panjang tersebut membentuk ikatan batin dan rasa kebersamaan yang kuat antarsesama penghuninya. Namun, selama empat dekade belakangan ini lambat-laun penggunaan rumah panjang banyak yang ditinggalkan. Tulisan ini membahas eksistensi rumah panjang dan nilai-nilai kebersamaan komunitas Kanayatn yang tidak lagi berdiam di rumah panjang. Studi ini dibahas dengan menggunakan metode deskriptif dengan penalaran induktif. Hasil kajian rumah panjang ini menunjukkan tidak dimanfaatkannya rumah panjang sebagai hunian komunal tidak berarti hilangnya nilai kebersamaan yang selama ini telah mengakar dalam kehidupan komunitas Dayak. Namun demikian, peubahan gaya hidup tersebut tetap menbawa dampak yang signifikan, yaitu merenggangnya proses interaksi sosial sehari-hari.

Kata kunci: resettlement penduduk, arsitektur, komponen bangunan, fungsi, hunian komunal, interaksi sosial, nilai kebersamaan

Sumber: Naditira Widya, Vol. 7 No. 1 April 2017, hlm. 44-58
Email: tati_balar@yahoo.com

 

METAL AGE AND ITS PROBLEMATICS IN SOUTH KALIMANTAN

Sunarningsih

Abstract. Metal age in Indonesia is the period when humans were familiar with metalworking. In general, metal tools were used for either everyday or ritual purposes. However, there are also metal tools which are used as ideofacts as well as technofacts. The results of a number of archaeological researches in South Kalimantan indicate that data of metal tools are very few. Therefore, the determination on the earliest use of metal tools and the varieties of its use has not been comprehensively understood. This paper discusses a number of archaeological researches in Kalimantan in the effort to identify problems related to metal culture. The research method used in this study was descriptive and inductive reasoning. Data were collected by studying research reports of the Centre for Archeology, Banjarmasin, literatures on metal culture in Indonesia as well as metal tools references of the collection of Lambung Mangkurat Museum. The results showed that metal age sites in South Kalimantan are settlements indicated by material cultures of fragments of iron tools or iron slag. Besides fragments of iron, neither the complete artefacts nor the chronology, have been identified yet.

Keywords: metal age, metal technology, metal culture, metal age sites, chronology, pyrotechnology

Source: Naditira Widya, Vol. 8 No. 2 Oktober 2014, p. 12-25
Email: asihwasita@yahoo.com

Yuka Nurtanti Cahyaningtyas

 Abstrak. Situs Negeri Baru terletak di tepi aliran Sungai Pawan yang bermuara di Selat Karimata. Satuan batuan di Situs Negeri Baru adalah aluvium dan endapan rawa, yang terdiri atas lingkungan pengendapan aluvium resen, aluvium tua, dan endapan rawa dataran pantai. Tulisan ini membahas lebih jauh karakteristik lingkungan pengendapan di kawasan situs Negeri Baru. Studi ini dilakukan dengan analisis sedimentologi dan stratigrafi berdasarkan data dari delapan belas kotak ekskavasi. Hasil kajian menunjukkan bahwa korelasi perubahan lingkungan pengendapan secara lateral dan vertikal pada rangkaian endapan kuarter di Situs Negeri Baru diindikasikan merupakan perubahan dari lingkungan permukaan pantai atas (upper shoreface) menjadi sol. Lingkungan pengendapan ini terletak pada estuari dan permukaan pantai (shoreface) dan sangat dipengaruhi oleh pasang surutnya air laut.

Kata kunci: endapan aluvium, endapan rawa, permukaan pantai, estuari, pasang surut, perubahan lingkungan pengendapan

Sumber: Naditira Widya, Vol. 7 No.1 April 2013, hlm.26-43
Email:

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Sunarningsih

As scholars who study the human past lives, archaeologists have a responsibility to develop and disseminate information from their studies to public. Various ways can be done to share information of how important the past by various publications (books and articles), exhibitions, seminars, and socialization. There is other stragetic to share information, such as by using an archeologist organization, Association of Indonesian Archaeologists (Ikatan Ahli Arkeologi Indonesia), especially in Kalimantan (Komda Kalimantan), who are expected to role in society. Therefore, in this paper the author tries to discuss the role of archaeologists to the enactment of the 2013 curriculum for schools (elementary, middle, and high school) in Indonesia. Education curriculum that focuses on character education along with the necessity to apply the changes and the growing demands in this moment. This paper is descriptive, data collection was done by means of literature study (books and newspapers), and the observation of the development activities undertaken by the centre of archaeology Banjarmasin (Balai Arkeologi Banjarmasin), and activities have been done by IAAI (Komda Kalimantan). The results on written sources and the observation will be further evaluated and then organized various activities that can be done by archaeologists who are members of the IAAI (Komda Kalimantan) for a more active role in the implementation of the 2013 curriculum.

Keywords: archaeology, culture, Kalimantan, publications, curriculum, education

Source: Naditira Widya, Vol. 8 No. 2 Oktober 2014, p. 127-134.
Email: asihwasita@yahoo.com

Wasita

 This paper will discuss unfinished archaeological research themes at Balai Arkeologi Banjarmasin, and it is considered to be studied by different perspectives. The data are collected from research reports which examined the site only from one point of view without trying to continue the research from different prespectives, which was suggested as uncompleted research. This condition illustrates that the breadth of perspective study on a site is not comprehensive yet. Furthermore, the paper will be prepared by noticing the reality of archaeological researches (in Banjarmasin) and mapping its condition. By this way, it will show the trend of model or theme of research. From this step, it is necessary to watch the possibility of research development. Meanwhile, the research models which have been done, should also be evaluated for finding the proper research stages. It is expected to produce a trend map of archaeological research model that can be planned to form advanced research for deepening knowledge. Finally, it will be generated the much more comprehensive archeological research results.

 Keywords: research result, evaluation, Center for Archaeology Banjarmasin

Source: Naditira Widya, Vol. 8 No. 2 Oktober 2014, p. 105-126
Email: wasita6@yahoo.com

Hartatik

Archaeological resources are often ignored by public because of misunderstanding the importance of it. Departements of culture, Balai Arkeologi (the center for archaeology) and Balai Pelestarian Cagar Budaya (the center for conservation and cultural heritage), are the driving force of an archaeological resource management, and have the responsibility to inform the positive values of archaeological resources to the community. Various disseminations of research results as the part of research development activities have been conducted, but the outcomes are not understood and utilized by the community. As a result, the management of archaeological resources seems to be the sole burden of government. The problem in this paper is: what should be done by cultural institutions to attract people in the management of archaeological resources? This paper aims to determine some effort to stimulate society who are officially the owners of culture become much more interested and involved in the management of archaeological resources. The methods to collect data are literature study and observation working at Balai Arkeologi Banjarmasin from 1999 to 2014. The methods of analysis is descriptive by inductive reasoning. The results of this paper is that the importance of archaeological resources must be maintained effectively and efficiently under the synergy of both, culture institutions and community. In addition, cultural institutions must be in one command line, so coordination will be easily conducted not only in planning and implementation, but also in monitoring performance.

Keywords: management, archaeological resources, community, paradigm, research, preservation

Source: Naditira Widya, Vol. 8 No. 2 Oktober 2014, p. 95-104.
Email: tati_balar@yahoo.com

Norpikriadi

 

 The focus of this research study is the extensive influence of Islamic Banjarese Kingdom in the past, which covered today’s South Kalimantan, Central Kalimantan, and some part of East Kalimantan. This study aims to reveal how and from where this kingdom as a political institution obtained the source of legitimacy. It is expected to provide benefits for the community in the form of a new understanding of the relevant issues. The research method used is historical research methodology. The results showed the dynamics of the kingdom, in which it survived sturdily when holding faithfulness to the tradition as a source of legitimacy, and was devastated when playing with fire with secular foreign powers. This traditional country gets increasingly attractive to observe during this past four years when it was re-emerged by some “tutus” who believe to be the heirs of this kingdom.

 Keywords: political legitimacy, empire, politics, colonial, dynasty, conflict, tradition, Banjarese.

Source: Naditira Widya, Vol. 8 No. 2 Oktober 2014, p. 77-94.
Email: jaka.cendikia@yahoo.com

Ida Bagus Putu Prajna Yogi

 Early arrival of Chinese community in Banjarmasin is due to trade activity. Transport lines used are rivers. Therefore, settlements tend to be concentrated along the big river basin, such as Veteran, Gedangan, and RK Ilir which are located along the Martapura river in Banjarmasin. Joglo gudang is one of the cultural forms that emerged in the Chinese community in South Kalimantan. This article will discuss the history of joglo gudang and the reasons why chinese society have chosen the construction as the form of their residence in South Kalimantan. The method used is descriptive-analytic. The combination of local genius elements of the Chinese community in setting up residential and adaptive efforts to adjust to residential environment in Borneo which tend watery and produced a new form of Banjarese traditional architecture, joglo gudang.

Keywords: Chinese, architecture, Banjarese, aculturation, history

Source: Naditira Widya, Vol. 8 No. 2 Oktober 2014, p. 69-76.
Email: bagoes_balar@gmail.com

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